Posted by: Idioma Extra | October 16, 2013

Grammar Guru


Present/Future Passive with Modals

We will continue the theme of the Passive Voice, and today we will focus on using modals.

If you missed last week’s Grammar Guru, click here to review.

active-voice-vs-passive-voice-1

Again, we use the passive voice to take the emphasis off of the person doing the action. We want the attention to be on the action.

The structure for present or future passive with modals is modal (not) + be + past participle.

 

For example:

Active: She can play the violin.

Passive: The violin can be played by her.

 

Here are the modals and when we use them:

1. Can (present/future ability)

  • I can write a song in less than an hour. // A song can be written in less than an hour.

2. May/ Might/ Could (present/future possibility)

  • He may buy a computer. // The computer might be bought.
  • We might play chess tonight. // Chess might be played tonight.
  • could eat more cake. // More cake could be eaten.

3. Should/Ought to (present/future advice)

  • Should you eat that cake? // Should that cake be eaten?
  • We ought to attend classes. // Classes ought to be attended.

4. Must/ Have to (present/future obligation)

  • You must use social networks carefully. // Social networks must be used carefully.
  • We don’t have to renew our visas. // Our visas don’t have to be renewed.

5. Will (future possibility)

  • They will postpone the conference if no one registers. // The conference will be postponed if no one registers.

 

Alright! Way to go 🙂

Now, take the Comprehension Quiz to see how you do!


Responses

  1. […] If you missed last week’s Grammar Guru, click here to review. […]


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