Posted by: Idioma Extra | November 13, 2013

Grammar Guru


Zero Conditionals

icecubemelting-554169

In English, we have 4 types of conditional statement. “Condition” means “situation or circumstance”. If a particular condition is true, then a particular result happens.

We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true, like a scientific fact.

Take some ice. Put it in a saucepan. Heat the saucepan. What happens? The ice melts (it becomes water). You would be surprised if it did not.

IF condition result
present simple present simple
If you heat ice it melts.

The result of the condition is an absolute certainty. We are not thinking about the future or the past, or even the present. We are thinking about a simple fact. We use the present simple tense to talk about the condition. We also use the present simple tense to talk about the result. The important thing about the zero conditional is that the condition always has the same result.

Look at some more examples in the tables below:

IF condition result
present simple present simple
If I miss the 8 o’clock bus I am late for work.
If I am late for work my boss gets angry.
If people don’t eat they get hungry.
If you heat ice does it melt?

You can also switch the positions of the result and condition, as seen below:

result IF condition
present simple present simple
I am late for work if I miss the 8 o’clock bus.
My boss gets angry if I am late for work.
People get hungry if they don’t eat.
Does ice melt if you heat it?

 

Now, take a quiz to see how you do!


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