Posted by: Idioma Extra | November 27, 2013

Grammar Guru


Second Conditional

lottery car

In English, we have 4 types of conditional statement. “Condition” means “situation or circumstance”. If a particular condition is true, then a particular result happens.

We use the second conditional when we talk about an unreal possibility or dream.

The second conditional is like the first conditional. We are still thinking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition in the future, and the result of this condition. But there is not a real possibility that this condition will happen. For example, you do not have a lottery ticket. Is it possible to win? No! No lottery ticket, no winning! But maybe you will buy a lottery ticket in the future. So you can think about winning in the future, like a dream. It’s not very real, but it’s still possible.

IF condition result
past simple WOULD + base verb
If I won the lottery I would buy a car.

Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. We use the past simple tense to talk about the future condition. We use WOULD + base verb to talk about the future result. The important thing about the second conditional is that there is an unreal possibility that the condition will happen.

Here are some more examples:

IF condition result
past simple WOULD + base verb
If I married Mary I would be happy.
If Ram became rich she would marry him.
If it snowed next July would you be surprised?
If it snowed next July what would you do?

You can also switch the positions of the result and condition.

result IF condition
WOULD + base verb past simple
I would be happy if I married Mary.
She would marry Ram if he became rich.
Would you be surprised if it snowed next July?
What would you do if it snowed next July?

*With the verb to be, all pronouns use were. Ex. If I were you, I would start studying!

You can also use could or might in place of would.

 

Now, take the Quiz!

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