Posted by: Idioma Extra | May 1, 2014

Grammar Guru


Phrasal Verbs!


keep-calm-and-study-phrasal-verbs-12


A phrasal verb is a verb that has two parts: a verb and a participle. A participle looks like a preposition but acts differently. Particles change the meaning of the verb.

For example: look = to see. Look into = research

Phrasal verbs are more informal than the one-word verbs with the same meaning. We use phrasal verbs in everyday, common speech but avoid them in more formal situations.

For example: “I have to figure out a solution” is less formal than “I must solve this issue.”

Watch out! Some phrasal verbs have more than one meaning. Pay attention to the context.

For example: Please turn down the volume. (lower)

She turned down my invitation to the dance. (reject)

Also, make sure yous subject and verb agree in amount and tense.

For example: Yesterday, I checked out a book. He always turns down invitations to the movies.


 

Today, we’re going to focus on intransitive phrasal verbs. Intransitive means that it does not take a direct object. When using intransitive phrasal verbs, always keep the verb and participle together.

For example: Sit down in the chair. Not: Sit in the chair down.


Here are 10 common intransitive phrasal verbs:

1. go back = return

I left Italy in 2007 but I want to go back again.

2. get ahead = make progress, succeed

You need to work hard to get ahead in this company.

3. hang up = end a phone call

When you finish your call, hang up.

4. break out = happen suddenly

A fight broke out in front of TerraU last night.

5. drop in = visit by surprise

I hate that my in-laws drop in all the time. I wish they would call.

6. keep up = go as fast as

This class is so fast-paced. I can’t keep up.

7. work out = exercise

work out four times a week.

8. sign up = register

signed up for dance classes on Tuesday nights.

9. go down = decrease (price, number)

This phone is too expensive. I’ll wait until the price goes down in a month.

10. get along = have a good relationship

My sister and I used to fight a lot but now we get along fine.


Great! Now, check your phrasal verb skills with this quiz!

 

 


Responses

  1. […] Phrasal Verbs! A phrasal verb is a verb that has two parts: a verb and a participle. A participle looks like a preposition but acts differently. Particles change the meaning of the verb. For exampl…  […]


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