Posted by: Idioma Extra | May 15, 2014

Grammar Guru


Phrasal Verbs! Part 3


keep-calm-and-study-phrasal-verbs-12


phrasal verb is a verb that has two parts: a verb and a participle. A participle looks like a preposition but acts differently. Particles change the meaning of the verb.

For example: look = to see. Look into = research

Phrasal verbs are more informal than the one-word verbs with the same meaning. We use phrasal verbs in everyday, common speech but avoid them in more formal situations.

For example: “I have to figure out a solution” is less formal than “I must solve this issue.”

Watch out! Some phrasal verbs have more than one meaning. Pay attention to the context.

For example: Please turn down the volume. (lower) She turned down my invitation to the dance. (reject)

Also, make sure yous subject and verb agree in amount and tense.

For example: Yesterday, I checked out a book. He always turns down invitations to the movies.


Today, we’re going to focus on transitive phrasal verbs. Transitive means that the phrasal verb takes a direct object. There are two kinds of transitive phrasal verbs: separable and non-separable. Last week, we looked at separable phrasal verbs and today we’ll finish with nonseparable phrasal verbs!


Some transitive verbs are nonseparable. This means that the direct object can only go after both the verb and particle:

For example: I came down with a cold.


Here are 10 common nonseparable transitive phrasal verbs:

1. come up with (something) = invent

He came up with a great solution to the problem.

2. fall for (something) = be tricked by; believe

I almost fell for that trick. Now I know how he did it.

3. fall for (someone) = feel romantic love for

She totally fell for Steve on their first date.

4. run into (someone) = meet accidentally

ran into your mom at AMPM yesterday!

5. look into (something) = research

I don’t know a lot about renting apartments. I’ll  look into it before I get one.

6. look after (someone/something) = take care of

look after my nieces and nephews when my brother works.

7. watch out for  (something)  = be careful about

Watch out for robbers on the bus!

8. drop out of (something) = quit

Jenny dropped out of school because it was too hard.

9. team up with (someone/something) = start to work together

Apple recently teamed up with Dr. Dre to buy Beats headphones.

10. get together with (someone) = meet

We should get together next week!


 

Great! Now take a phrasal verb quiz and test your skills!


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